Phenylalanine is an essential amino acid, which means that the body needs this ingredient and it cannot be produced naturally.
Phenylalanine (which is converted to phenylethylamine) must be obtained from food supplements or through food sources, including meat and dairy products, oat and wheat germ products.
For this supplement to be most effective, the body also needs vitamins B3, B6, C, copper and iron.
Phenylalanine as an amino acid helps to produce proteins in the body. There are also several different forms of this supplement: L-phenylalanine, D-phenylalanine, and DL-phenylalanine (this is the last combination of the two closest forms).
Role of Phenylalanine in the Body
This dietary supplement is important for the normal functioning of the central nervous system.
It is also used in the formation and synthesis of various neurotransmitters such as epinephin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. All of these chemicals are very important for the proper functioning of the nervous system.
Effects of Phenylalanine
Although the specific mechanisms of action of phenylalanine are still not fully understood, it is known that this dietary supplement crosses the blood-brain barrier and enters the central nervous system.
This "barrier" is a protective function of red blood cells and the brain that prevents toxins, bacteria or viruses from entering the brain and nervous system. However, this barrier also retains many potentially useful compounds. The fact that phenylalanine can cross the blood-brain barrier is integral to its effectiveness as a cognitive enhancing supplement.
One of the most important ways in which this dietary supplement works is thought to be the synthesis of neurotransmitters, especially dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine. Recent studies also show that phenylalanine helps produce melatonin (which is vital for the control and regulation of sleep and wakefulness cycles).
This supplement is for tyrosine, another amino acid. Tyrosine itself is thought to be beneficial in anxiety and depression. It is also important for proper metabolic function and can help reduce body fat.
Benefits of Phenylalanine
Signals that transmit information from neuron to neuron are executed faster and more efficiently.
Phenylalanine appears to have a fairly wide range of effective doses.
In clinical trials, anywhere from 100 mg to 5000 mg per day was used. Typical users adhere to a dose of 1000 to 2000 mg per day.
It is also common to take a phenylalanine supplement in combination with hordenine, which is a compound that prevents the breakdown of this nootropic. The result is a longer effect on phenylalanine and a noticeable improvement in mood.
Phenylalanine Side Effects
Although this dietary supplement is generally considered safe and very well tolerated, there are some associated side effects. It is nausea, headache. According to this information, it should also not be used in people who are currently taking antispasmodics and specific antidepressants (monoamine oxidase inhibitors - MAOIs). Always consult your doctor or a qualified medical professional before taking this or any other dietary supplement.